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Tunga River

Tunga River


The Tunga River is a river in Karnataka state, southern India. The river is born in the Western Ghats on a hill known as Varaha Parvata at a place called Gangamoola. From here, the river flows through two districts in Karnataka - Chikmagalur District and Shimoga District. It is 147 km long and merges with the Bhadra River at Koodli, a small town near Shimoga City, Karnataka. The river is given the compound name Tungabhadra from this point on. It is believed that Tunga originated when Varaha, an incarnation of Lord Vishnu, pierced the earth with his tusk. The Tungabhadra flows eastwards and merges with the Krishna River in Andhra Pradesh.

The river is famous for the sweetness of its water. There is a belief that " Thunga panam Ganga snanum" which means we should drink the water of river thunga and take bath in river Ganga. It has a dam built across it at Gajanur, and a larger dam has been built across the compound Tungabhadra river at Hospet.

The Tunga River is an important river flowing in the southern state of India, Karnataka. The river originates in the Western Ghats on a hill called Varaha Parvata. The birthplace of Tunga is called Gangamoola, which is a cave inside Varaha Parvatha. It is believed that Tunga River was born when Varaha, an incarnation of Lord Vishnu perforated the earth with his tusk.

Other than the Chikmagalur and the Shimoga district, the river also flows through the district of Dakshina Kannada and Udupi districts. There is a dam built across the Tunga River at Gajanur, a small village in Shimoga district of Karnataka. There is a larger dam built across the Tungabhadra River at Hospet.

Shringeri a town located in the Chikmagalur district on the banks of the Tunga River has several temples. The Sarada Temple and the Vidyasankara Temple are the most temples on the bank of the Tunga.

The birthplace of Tunga is called the Ganga Moola, a cave inside the Varaha Parvatha (mountain). With a length of about 147 km, it combines with the Bhadra River to form the Tungabhadra River. On the banks of the river, in Sringeri, lies the famous Shri Sharadha Madira. Gajanur (Tunga) is an s-shaped dam constructed over the river.

Location info:

Address:The river is born in the Western Ghats on a hill known as Varaha Parvata at a place called Gangamoola. From here, the river flows through two districts in Karnataka - Chikmagalur District and Shimoga District.
District:Chikmagalur District and Shimoga District.
Nearest City:Shimoga City
Best time to visit: Jan-Dec


The climate of Shivamogga is tropical wet and dry (Koppen climate classification). This means that the winter and the early part of summer are typically dry periods. Majority of the rainfall occurs between June and early October. Shivamogga is a part of a region vernacularly known as Malnad (land of hills) in Karnataka. Most/All these hills are part of Western ghat, a region famous for plentiful rainfall and lush greenery.


The name of the city is derived from the term Shiva-Mukha, meaning Face of Shiva. An alternative etymology is that the name is derived from the term Sihi-Moge, meaning Sweet Pot. The district formed the southern tip of Emperor Ashoka's Mauryan Empire in third century BC. It was ruled during later centuries by the Kadambas (4th century), Chalukyas (6th century), Gangas, Rashtrakutas (8th century), Hoysalas (11th century), and the Vijayanagara rulers (15th century). The city got an independent identity under the Keladi Nayaka rule during 16th century, reaching its pinnacle under the rule of Shivappa Nayaka. From the late 17th century onwards, the city was a part of the Kingdom of Mysore until the independence of India in 1947, when Mysore merged into the Republic of India.
On November 1, 2006, the government of Karnataka announced the renaming of Shimoga to Shivamogga, along with nine other cities in the state.

Interesting things to do:

Entertainment:-At Shivamogga Circuses and fairs are held at regular intervals. Many film theatres premiere celebrated movies. Some of the theatres in Shivamogga are Lakshmi, Veerabhadreshwara, Mallikarjuna, HPC, Manjunaatha, Modern, Vinayaka, Durga and Manoranjan.

Shopping:-Many shops at Shivamogga's widely laid boulevards are a Shoppers paradise. The Nehru Avenue[Road],B.H Road, Durgigudi,Bala Raj urs Road Shivappanayaka Market, Gandhi Bazaar are the major commercial centres of Shivamogga. Cloth and other related items like dresses, saaris etc., are available at cheaper rates than other places. Most of those, though not of international recognition are of very good quality.

Interesting things to Visit:

Shringeri, on the banks of the Tunga, has several temples, the most important being the S'a-rada- temple and the Vidya-s'ankara temple.

There is no shortage of temples at Shivamogga though there only a few large, quiet and magnificent temples. The Guddekal temple, Kote anjeneya temple, Bheemeshwara temple, Mailareshwara temple, Ramana Shreshti park Ganesha Temple, Ravindra Nagar Prasanna Ganesha Temple,Laxmi temple(vinobanagar) Shankar Mutt are notable ones and Basaveshwara tample in gandhi bazar, shivalaya near park, veerabhadreshwara temple in chowki matt are religious centres.

Many Mosques are present at Shivamogga. One near the Railway station, another at Mahavir Circle, one at Tank mohalla are the notable ones.one is in ameer ahamed circle and millaghatta sunni gousia masjid and many more The Sacred Heart Cathedral church is touted as the second largest Church in Asia. The other churches are the Ragigudda church, the Sharavathi Nagar Church and the Sagar road church.

Local Attractions in the City:- The city has a large spacious park called the Gandhi park where a toy train and an aquarium is housed. Nearby is the Kuvempu Rangamandira & Ambedkar Bhavan where frequent cultural programmes are held. The Shivappanaika palace provides a historical touch to the city. The old Tunga Bridge which is more than a 100 years old was commissioned and supervised by Bharat Ratna Sir M Vishveshwaraiah. Many more attractions attract tourits to the city.

Mobile range info:


How to reach?

Nearest Railway Station:Shivamogga has a railway station and there are frequent trains that run to Shivamogga from Bangalore and Mysore. However, direct trains to Shivamogga from other parts of India are non-existent or infrequent. Birur junction which is well connected to most parts of India by rail (specially from Mumbai), is approximately at a distance of 60 km from Shivamogga and can be used as an alternative to reach Shivamogga. Umpteen buses run from Birur to Shivamogga. Currently under construction are railway lines connecting Shivamogga to Honnaver & Goa at Konkan region (This is Shortest route from Bangalore to Goa). Most popular train from Shivamogga to Bangalore are Shivamogga Express (leaves night and reaches Bangalore early morning and paraller train from Bangalore to Shivamogga also exists daily) and Inter City Connection train (Hubli - Bangalore) at 8.15 am.
Nearest Airport:An Airport is under construction in Sogane 6 km from Shivamogga city. Airports at Bangalore (275 km), Mangalore (180 km) or Hubli (165 km) can be used as transits to Shivamogga.
Road Transport:From the state capital Bangalore, Shivamogga can be reached on road by car or bus by taking the National Highway, NH-206 via Tumkur, Arsikere, Banavara, Kadur, Birur, Tarikere, Bhadravathi. KSRTC, the Karnataka State Road Transport Corporation has recently introduced Volvo buses which are a comfortable and expensive way of reaching Shivamogga from Bangalore. Shivamogga is around 274 km on road from Bangalore state capital territory. And by Coastal side, one can reach Shivamogga by Bus / car. From Udupi, there are number of Mini buses which take four hours. Car journey from Udupi and Shivamogga may be around three hours. This route passes through Agumbe Ghat with sharp hairpin curves, but this road is quite popular among the tourists coming from Mangalore, Udupi. There is one more road from Kundapur, another coastal town, which takes about four and half hours. From Sringeri (famous tourist place, also popular among Kerala tourists and devotees) it is four hours journey by bus. Hubli, another important city of Karnataka State is also connected to Shivamogga by road with number of buses, and the journey is around six hours. Shivamogga is better connected with Roads from all directions and as such, it is important bus junction. All major and minor towns of Karnataka has bus access to Shimoga and its bus terminus never sleeps. It is hub which connects Northern Karnataka to Dharmasthala.

Nearest Visiting places:

☀ Gajanur lies 15 km to the southwest. The dam built across the Tunga River here is ideal for picnics.
☀ Sakrebyle is a nice Elephant Camp 2 km far from Gajanur Dam on the way to Thirthahalli
☀ Agumbe 90 km south-west, is unforgettable for its glorious sunset.
☀ Jog Falls are a spectacular series of waterfalls, located 105 km away from Shimoga. The ☀Sharavathi River takes a spectacular jump from a height of 292 m in four distinct falls to form the highest waterfalls in India. The best time to visit these falls is soon after the monsoon season during July and August.
☀ Kodachadri is a beautiful hill station in the Western Ghats. It is 120 km from Shimoga.
☀ Ikkeri near Sagara town is known for huge rock temple of Aghoreshwara. Keladi is also having rock temple; both of these temples belong to Shivappa Nayaka period. Sagara town is known for wood carving articles particularly of sandal wood, which can be handy for presentation/memonto.
☀ The village of Ambuthirtha is about 16 km north-west of Thirthahalli. The Sharavathi River originates here and a Shivalinga is installed at the spot.
☀ Kemmannagundi is a popular hill station near Shimoga though it lies in Chickmagalur district.

"Chibbalagude", Thirthahalli, The famous place for Siddivinayaka temple & Fish in tunga river, (like Shringeri). For all these places, one should find rooms in Shimoga or Sagar only, as other places are almost villages. "Shiva Statue" made of concrete is installed at Harakere, near Shivamogga looks good. "Sacred Heart Cathedral", the second biggest church in Asia, is situated in the center of the city.
Lion safari is 6 km from Shimoga. Safari drives are conducted in cage vans to get closer glimpse of wild animals.

Nearest Petrol Pump:



Karkar River Rapids Resort, a perfect hideaway for those wanting to have some respite from the city's hustle and bustle, can be reached via a narrow barangay road at Tunga, Leyte, a few kilometers from the national highway. Nestled beside Tunga River, its exact location is at the boundary of Brgy. San Antonio, Tunga and Brgy. Binibihan, Carigara, Leyte.

There's plenty of rustic scenes here - from the refreshing natural sight of Tunga River with some children playing and jumping off a cliff (as tall as a 2-storey house) and into the cascading water below to women washing laundry along the river banks. Perfect to get back to nature.

The Karkar River Rapids Resort, while not fully finished yet, is now open to the general public. They have fully-airconditioned cottages for overnight stay, as well as small picnic kiosks situated near the river banks.

Things to carry:


Tips & Suggestions:

Local transportation includes City bus facility which are mostly run by privates. Auto rickshaws are convenient as long distance travelling is not required. Private taxis can be hired for long journeys or for local transport for more than a day. City Taxi service is not available.There was also near by Jog Falls (in Sagar tq) which is very fomous for its water down fall.

Also it is noteworthy to see Kavishaila, the lovable place of Kuvempu, the famous poet Main Occupation: Aracanet & Rice

Help Line/Phone Number:

Police Station:Koodli
Nearest Hospital:Koodli
Society/Community Phone Number

Tunga River Nearest Attraction

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