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Srirangpatnam Island


Situated on the Cauvery River, the island-fortress of Srirangapattana is famous as the former capital of the great kings, Hyder Ali, and his son, Tipu Sultan, the 'Tiger of Mysore'. The ruins of the magnificent fortress that stands here is the main tourism attraction. The small size of this island greatly belies its immense historical significance as it was the site of several battles fought against the British. Known as Srirangapatnam under British rule, the island was initially named after the Sri Ranganatha Temple, one of the many ancient structures found here.

Srirangapatnam is the largest of the three islands in the Kaveri River and is about 2 miles long and a little more than a mile wide. By road it is about 140 kilometers or 87 miles from Bangalore and 15 kilometers or 9 miles from Mysore. It derives its name from the deity of the temple located on its western side. The Kaveri River splits to form this island and the western side of the island is revered by local people. They hold special Puja (prayer ceremonies) in this area regularly. While the British forces had plundered the city after the final battle and destroyed the palace of Tipu Sultan and his Fort, they left the religious structures intact. The temple of Shri Ranganatha is constructed in a blend of Hoysala and Vijayanagar architecture. The temple is very popular among local people. The Jain Basdi, dedicated to principally to Adinath, houses images of all the 24 Jain Tirthankaras. The Jama Masjid nearby was built by Tipu Sultan and has two minarets that dominate the landscape.

Location info:

Nearest City:Mysore
Best time to visit: September to March. Winter is the best time to visit this place as the humidity during summer makes traveling uncomfortable.

Climate/Weather of Srirangpatnam Island:

Srirangapatnam Climate / Weather - Summers 22°- 40°C. Winter 10°- 32°C.

History of Srirangpatnam Island:

The imposing Srirangapatnam Fort was built in 1454 and is one of the island's most prominent sights. Surrounded by a double wall, and partly encircled by a moat, the citadel features turreted parapets, dungeons, guardrooms, the grand Mysore and Elephant entrance gates and a bridge, which is still in use. It was from this fort that Tipu Sultan fought against the British; an obelisk marks the spot where he was killed.

All the major dynasties of the Southern India have left their relics and monuments on this island. The Hoysalas of the 11th century, the Vijayanagar kings of Chandragiri in the 17th century, the Hyder Ali and Tipu Sultan clan that came after them, and finally, the French and the British have all left their mark on this island. Srirangapatnam was the main scene of battles that took place in the second half of the 18th century between the French and the British to get the hold over southern India. By 1787, much of the Carnatic region was ruled by Tipu Sultan until the British defeated him with the help from the Nizam of Hyderabad and the Marathas. The defeat of the Egyptian expedition of Napolean also dealt a death blow on French ambitions in India. Unfortunately Tippu Sultan sided with the French in the hope of defeating the British and taking control of most of southern India. The Srirangapatnam Fort, defended by a double wall, is the center of attraction here. It was built in 1454 by Thimmanna, a local chief and it was later renovated by Hyder Ali and Tipu Sultan. The river Kaveri skirts one side of the fort forming a natural moat, which is fed by water from the river. The original bridge that was the only link with the fort is still in use. Near the bridge one can still see the breach on the fort wall made by the British forces. The fort has four gates. Along the battlements, there are two dungeons in which prisoners of war were kept. Lalmahal, the residence of Tipu Sultan within the fort, was razed to the ground and is now just a mound marked by a notice board. It is interesting to take a walk along the fort walls to view its military architecture.

The Summer Palace of Tipu Sultan is in the center of a garden outside the fort and across the main road. The garden is called Darya Daulat Bagh (the garden of wealth of the sea). The most interesting feature of this palace is the series of murals that depict scenes from the military career of Tipu Sultan, particularly the battle of Pollilur (near Kanchipuram) in which he crushed the British forces under Colonel Bailey. The kings who owed allegiance to Tipu are also featured in these paintings. This lavishly ornamented building now houses a museum of Tipu memorabilia. Near this palace is a church distinctly European in style that was built by Abbe Dubois, a French missionary. The tomb of Tipu Sultan lies next to his father at Gumad-e-Ala near the fort. The mausoleum is adorned with intricate stuccowork. The three doors made of ebony and inlaid with ivory were gifted by Lord Dalhousie. Ironically he earned the respect of his enemies, the British after his death. On either side of the road leading to the river there are two Islamic domed buildings that were built to house pigeons. Hyder Ali and Tipu Sultan were both enthusiastic about pigeon racing. Monuments of the British are spread all over the island. On a high point opposite the summer palace is a tall pillar put up to honor the memory of British officers who died during the siege of Srirangapatnam. The garrison cemetery close by contains many interesting epitaphs to the British who died between 1800 and 1872. Near the tomb of Tipu Sultan, by the roadside is the grave of Colonel Bailey constructed in a blend of Saracenic and colonial architecture.

Interesting things to do:

One can have a panoramic view of the whole island from the Karighatta Hill that is about five kilometers or 3 miles away. On top of the hill is a small temple. The British had placed their cannons during the siege of Srirangapatnam on this hill according to some contemporary chroniclers.

Interesting things to Visit:

The imposing Srirangapatnam Fort was built in 1454 and is one of the island's most prominent sights. Surrounded by a double wall, and partly encircled.

Nearby is Daria Daulat Bagh, an exquisite garden within which sits Tipu's summer palace. Beautiful murals depicting scenes from Hyder Ali and Tipu Sultan's various battles cover this highly ornate building; a small museum showcasing memorabilia belonging to the great rulers is also located here.

A short walk from the palace is a European-style church, which was built by a French missionary. The fort is also home to the Jumma Masjid, which was constructed by Tipu and has two soaring minarets, as well as the Sri Ranganatha Temple, a 10th century structure constructed in the Hoysala and Vijayanagar style of architecture. This massive shrine houses a giant image of Lord Vishnu, and has pillared halls and an open courtyard. Just outside the fort is Gumbaz, a beautiful tomb, with striking ebony doors inlaid with ivory, which houses the mortal remains of Hyder Ali, his wife and Tipu Sultan.

Ranganthittu Bird Sanctuary on a group of island in the Kaveri River is about two miles upstream and eleven miles from Mysore. From May to November it is a breeding ground for waterfowls. Many migrating birds from as far as Siberia and North America migrate to this sanctuary to nest and breed in winter. One can view Cormorants, Herons, Egrets and Spoonbills in this bird sanctuary. Crocodiles lazing in the winter sun can also be seen in the sanctuary. This wetland attracts several species of birds from all over the world, even as far as Siberia, and is a virtual paradise for bird watchers.

Sangama, a scenic spot at the junction of two streams stemming from the Cauvery River, is a great place for a family picnic. The Nimishambha and Karighatta Temples close to town are popular pilgrimage spots, attracting many devotees.

Mobile range info:


How to reach Srirangpatnam Island?

Nearest Railway Station:Srirangapatnam
Nearest Airport:Bangalore Airport
Road Transport:Main Road Highways - NH 4, NH 7 or NH 48

Nearest Visiting places in Srirangpatnam Island:

The Krishnaraja Sagar Dam is 16 kilometers or 10 miles from Srirangapatnam. It was built over the Kaveri River and just beside the dam are the famous Vrindavan Gardens that are illuminated on weekends.

Somnathapur is 32 kilometers or 20 miles from Srirangapatnam. The Hoysala temple dedicated to Lord Kesava and other structures here have elaborate carvings and miniature sculptures.

Talakad is 48 kilometers or 30 miles from Srirangapatnam. It was the capital of the Ganga dynasty. The Vaideshwara Temple is located among the sand dunes on the banks of River Kaveri here.

The temple town of Melkote is 35 kilometers or 22 miles from Srirangapatnam. The town is the center of Shri Vaishnava sect and the headquarters of Shri Ramanuja, a Vaishnava saint. A Sanskrit Academy is located here. The Melkote Wolf Sanctuary is less than a mile away from this town.

The tourist visiting Srirangapatnam mostly stay overnight in nearby Mysore where there many hotels in various categories.

Around 12 km from Srirangapatnam, the enchanting Vrindavan Gardens, with its colourful fountains and illuminated, landscaped lawns, is definitely worth a visit. Farther on are the stunning Sivasamudram Falls, famous as the second largest waterfalls in India, and perfect for a day trip from town.

Nearest Petrol Pump:


Hotels/Lodge/Accommodation nearby Srirangpatnam Island:

Amblee Holiday Resort : The experience is really nice. The location is superb. Lot of open spaces and greenary. children can enjoy the presence of lots of ducks and other birds. Swiming pool is really big. Foods are really tasteful.

Fort View Resort :Its quite a horrible place. The \'resort\' is not quite a resort... its like a farmhouse in Srirangapatna. If you have no where else to stay, stay here. Else, just give it a skip.

Mayura River View, Hotel Good place for a weekend . Have good number of places to go around too. Food is average as you can have only what is avlbl and rooms are average kstdc room with all facilities Ultimately Calm and peacefull.

Young Island Resorts The location is good, easy to find and quite........A palce to getaway on a weekend from the maddeing crowd.....can hear the river flwoing......neat roooms and surrondings.....

Things to carry:


Tips & Suggestions for Srirangpatnam Island:

Distance from Srirangapatnam in Kilometers and Miles:
Bangalore: 140 Kilometers or 87 Miles
Mysore: 15 Kilometers or 9 Miles

Help Line/Phone Number:

Police Station:Mysore
Nearest Hospital:Mysore
Society/Community Phone Number

Tourism info: Karnataka State Tourism Development Corporation
No. 49, 2nd Floor West Entrance, Khanija Bhavan,
Race Course Road, Bangalore.
Tel: 080-22352901, 22352902, 22352903

Nearest Attraction

Sivasamudram Island
About 65kms, East of Mysore, you will find the tiny island town of Shivasamudram in Mandya district. Here the River Cauvery meanders to fall into cascading Shivasamudram Falls. This sparking waterfalls flows through the abundant sylvan forest of Karnataka in Deccan Plateau, plunges 320 feet into gorge into a spate, breaking into a cloud of misty foam. The falls are 893 metres wide.....more
Karighatta Temples
Karighatta is a hill situated a few kilometres outside the 'island' town of Srirangapatna. It is situated off the Bangalore-Mysore road just before Srirangapatna. The name translates to "Black Hill" in Kannada. The hill has a Hindu temple devoted to a form of Hindu god Vishnu, called "Karigirivasa".....more
Melukote Temples
Melkote located near Mysore in Karnataka houses an ancient shrine to Vishnu, worshipped as TiruNarayana. This shrine is known for its long standing association with the spiritual leader Ramanujacharya. Melkote is also known as Yadavagiri, yatistalam, Vedadri and Narayanadri. ....more
Srirangapatna Temples
Srirangapatna also spelt as Srirangapattana, is city of historic, religious, and cultural hub situated in Mandhya district of Karnataka, just about 13kms from Mysore. A must see place on Bangalore- Mysore Highway. Here you will come across the entire town as an island enclosed by River Kaveri.....more
Srirangapatna Archeology
The river Kaveri surrounds Srirangapatnam , which is 16 km north of Mysore.it was the capital of Muslim Mysore kingdom, which was at loggerhead with the English and the Mysore king.....more
Bhimeshwari Sanctuary
The sparkling blue waters of Cauvery wind through rocks and ravines and fall off the Deccan Plateau to form the twin falls of Barachukki and Gaganachukki.About 35 kms downstream is yet another set of falls called Mekedatu (Goat's Leap).....more
Melukote Wildlife Sanctuary
Melkote Temple Wildlife Sanctuary is located in Mandya District of Karnataka and is about 5 km from Melkote. Meant specifically for the protection of wolf, the sanctuary is divided into two blocks, namely, Mudibetta and Narayandurga. Deciduous scrub forest occupies the sanctuary.....more
Srirangapatna Historical
Srirangapatna also spelt as Srirangapattana, is city of historic, religious, and cultural hub situated in Mandhya district of Karnataka, just about 13kms from Mysore. A must see place on Bangalore- Mysore Highway. Here you will come across the entire town as an island enclosed by River Kaveri.....more
Hemagiri Falls
This place is located 8 Kms from KR pet enroute to Kikere town or Govindhalli. It is better to take the route back, in view of bad roads on the same stretch to reach Kikere town. The river is in full flow during monsoon and it is a treat to watch.....more
Shivasamudram Waterfalls
The Shivasamudram falls is a segmented waterfall since the river Cauvery branches into two separate falls - the western falls known as Gaganachukki and the eastern falls, Bharachukki. Shivasamudram falls is the second biggest waterfall in India and the sixteenth largest in the world.....more
Bheemeswari River
Listen to the sweet hum of the rippling river... Feel the chill of the water... and get to face her majestic beauty by riding down the river in a raft...The Cauvery is one of the most majestic and sacred rivers in the country. Flowing through the thick forests of Karnataka, this river is home to India's only protected fish species - The 'Mahaseer'.....more
Mahadevapura River
Mahadevapura is located in Mandya district of Karnataka in India. A great picnic spot which is quite far away from modern world. A famous spot for film makers shooting nature scapes -for this hamlet by the Cauvery, offers some of the prettiest frames for any cinematographer.....more
Mekedatu River
Mekedatu, in Kannada means Goat's leap, which is situated 98kms south of Bangalore. river Cauvery flows into a deep and narrow gorge, so narrow, that a goat could leap over it and that is how it got its name.....more
Adichunchanagiri Peacock Sanctuary
Located in Mandya District, Adichunchanagiri peacock sanctuary is covered with scrub forest and plantations. The altitude here varies from 770 - 1000 m. The sanctuary was established with the specific purpose of protecting the peacock.....more
Kokkare Belluru/Bellur Pelicanry
Kokkare Bellur (Village of Storks), a small village off the main highway between Bangalore and Mysore, is one of the few nesting sites in India of the spotbilled pelican. In addition, it is also home to hundreds of painted storks.....more
Krishna Raja Sagara Dam
Krishna Raja Sagara also popularly known as KRS is the name of both a lake and the dam that causes it.In 1924[1]. Mokshagundam Visvesvarayya served as the chief engineer. The dam is named for the then ruler of the Mysore Kingdom, Krishnaraja Wodeyar IV.For information about the settlement near the dam and reservoir, see Krishnarajasagara.....more
Adi Chunchanagiri Temples