Kudremukh National Park-Karnataka
|Kudremukh National Park, Karnataka is one of the most popular national parks in India. Located in Mangalore, it is surrounded by Kudremukh or the Horse Face range overlooking the Arabian Sea. The topography of Kudremukh National Park, Karnataka is marked by deep ravines and steep cliffs. It is the ideal home for hundreds of wild animals and birds. This national park houses different species of wild lives. Covering a total area of 600.32 square kilometers, Kudremukh National Park offers a beautiful landscape.Three major rivers flow through this forest region, namely Tunga, Bhadra and Nethravathi. If you love nature and wants adventurous thrills, then you can definitely visit this forest. This Kudremukh National Park nurtures a diverse range of flora and fauna. It is covered with high grasslands and dense forest. Here, you can find a large number of plants and trees namely eucalyptus, acacia auriculiformis, grevillea robusta and casuarinas. Tea and coffee plantations are also done in this forest.
The Kudremukh or Horse Face Range is situated 95 Kms southwest of Chickmagalur town. The broad hills which overlook the Arabian Sea are chained to one another with deep valleys and steep precipices and is so named because of the unique shape of the Kudremukh peak which has the highest elevation at 1892 metres. The park named after the peak, extends over three districts, Dakshin Kannada (South Kanara), Chickmaglur and parts of Udupi and stretches between Narasimha Parvatha (in Sringeri Taluk) in the north to the Jamalabad Fort (in Belthangady Taluk) in the south. The park is divided into four ranges Kudremukh, Kerekatte, Kalsa, Shimoga.
The Kudremukh region records an average annual rainfall of 7,000 mm and the wet climate has resulted in the formation of thousands of streams in the region converging to form three major rivers of the region, Tunga, Bhadra and Nethravathi. The Kadambi waterfalls are a major attraction of the Kudremukh National Park.One of the newest entrants in the National Park list the Kudremukh National Park has been named after the eponymous peak that is shaped like a horse face. The Kudremukh town adjacent to the park is primarily an iron ore-mining town where the government-owned Kudremukh Iron Ore Company Limited (KIOCL) operates.
There is a wide variety of flora and fauna in the park. The park is covered with thick hilly forests, mostly evergreen and semi-evergreen near the coastal plains on the western portion; and the shoal-grassland habitat at elevations above 1400m on the Western Ghats. Plantations of Eucalyptus, Casuarina, Acacia auriculiformis and Grevillea robusta are found here. The park is surrounded by Coffee and Tea plantations on the northern and eastern boundaries.The wild animals seen in the park include tiger, leopard, wild dog, jackal, lion-tailed macaque, common langur, sloth bear, gaur, sambar, spotted deer, barking deer, Malabar giant squirrel, giant flying squirrel, porcupine and the mongoose.The park is particularly rich in the diversity of birds. Approximately 195 types of birds are found in the park. This includes rare birds like the Malabar trogon, great pied hornbill, Malabar whistling thrush and the imperial pigeon.
|Address:Kudremukh National Park,Chikkamagaluru,Karnataka,India.|
|Nearest City: Chikkamagaluru|
|Best time to visit: October to May|
Climate/Weather of Kudremukh National Park:
|Temprature summer Maximum 35 c to Winter Minimum 10 c|
History of Kudremukh National Park:
|The British Government declared Kudremukh region as a Reserved Forest in 1916, to stop rampant slash and burn cultivation practices from penetrating deeper into the Ghats. Well known environmentalist and Tiger expert Dr. Ullas Karanth, undertook a detailed and systematic survey of the distribution of the endangered Lion Tailed Macaque in Karnataka during 1983-84 with support from Government of Karnataka. He observed that suitable and extensive rainforest habitat for Lion-tailed Macaque existed in Kudremukh and that the tract probably harbored the largest contiguous population of lion tailed macaques in the Western Ghats outside the Malabar region.
He further suggested that Lion Tailed Macaques could be effectively used as a 'flagship' species to conserve the entire biotic community in the region and prepared a conservation plan for survival of wild population of Lion Tailed Macaques in the region delineating the present national park area as a proposed nature reserve. Based on his report, the Karnataka State
Interesting things to do:
Trekking is another interesting thing can be done in Kudremukh. One has to obtain an entry permit for trekking inside the park from the Range Officers or Deputy Conservator of Forests. The whole scenery of lush green grassland interspersed with narrow strips of forests rivers, cascades, variety of flora and fauna, caves, ruins and traces of old civilizations provide a fantastic vista for a trekker. There are 13 trekking routes inside the park and the anti - poaching camps (APC) on the way are useful as camping sites. The Bhagavathi Nature Camp located along the state highway, also forms an excellent camping site with tented cottages and dormitory. Ganga Moola, the source of several rivers including Bhadra, located inside the park is a scenic spot in the Bhagawathi Forest for trekkers. The Kadambi falls and the Lakya Dam located near the Kudremukh project area is another interesting spot in the Kudremukh range.
Interesting things to Visit:
Gangamoola, or Varaha Parvatha, a mount with a height of 1458 m above sea level within the border of National Park close to Kudremukh, is acclaimed as the source of three rivers Tunga, Bhadra and Netravathi originating from Western Ghats. It has the distinction of being a part of UNESCO designated World Heritage Site.A cave, which is inaccessible during the rainy monsoon seasons, enclosing a 6 feet image of Varaha and the temple of Goddess Bhagavathi are the main attractions here.The hill is densely populated with forest trees and has a good annual rainfall in its account. The hillock is very rich in minerals, with significant magnetite-quartzite deposits, yielding iron ore.
Hanuman Gundi Falls:
Flora at Kudremukh:
Mobile range info:
How to reach Kudremukh National Park?
|Nearest Railway Station:Mangalore railway station|
|Nearest Airport:Mangalore, 130km away airport.|
|Road Transport:Kudremukh is connected by road to Kalasa - 20km, Karkala - 50km, Mudigere - 75km, Mangalore 130km, and Bangalore 350km.|
Nearest Visiting places in Kudremukh National Park:
Sri Annapoorneshwari Temple is an ancient and revered shrine located in the picturesque surroundings of Horanadu in the state of Karnataka. Horanadu is 100 km south-west of Chikmagalur.The deity in the Annapoorneshwari Temple, Annapurneshwari, is said to have been installed by renowned Sage Agastya. A learned astrologer, Venkitasubba Jois, renovated the sanctum in recent years. With the installation of the new image of Adi Shakti, now the temple is called Adi-Shaktyatmaka Shri Annapoorneshwari. The deity of the temple has been designed in unique manner: the single image depicts the Devi standing on a peeta with Devi Gayatri, Sri Chakra, Shanku and Chakra in Her four hands. Adi Sesha surrounds the recently renovated sanctum of the temple, while Ashtagaja, Koorma and others, form the Padma Peeta.
Everyone who visits the Annapoorna temple is provided with a three course vegetarian meal irrespective of their religion, language, caste, or creed. Male visitors to the temple have to remove their shirts and preferably cover their shoulders with a towel or a shawl as a symbol of respect and humility in front of god.The main deity of Annapoorna is made of gold and it is believed that a person who seeks the goddess' blessings will never have any scarcity for food in life. It is also believed that Lord Shiva had a curse upon him once and that this curse was reversed only when the Lord visited Goddess Annapoorna and sought her blessings.
On an average around 5000 devotees are said to visit the Devi temple every day, travelling through the midst of thick forests and valleys. The route to the temple traverses ghats, amazingly dense forests and vegetation. The scenery and the pristine atmosphere have a spiritual effect on every person travelling to and visiting the Annapoorneshwari Temple.
Inside the citadel, there are two small fresh-water springs and some tanks to store water. Some of the bastions have dismantled iron cannons with European markings. The rest of the fort consists of ruins of walls and parapets.The British captured the fort in 1799 during the Fourth Mysore war. According to legend, those out of favour with Tipu were hurled down this fort to their death.
These days, Jamalabad is a trekking destination, with the climb up to the fort being classified as 'medium difficulty level' and the top of the fort offers good views of the surrounding landscape and the Kudremukh range.Every visitor has to pay a nominal entry fee at the forest check post at the base of the hill. It is advisable to carry sufficient water since there is no potable fresh water available on top. The nearest town with any communication and medical facilities is Beltangadi.
Nearest Petrol Pump:
Petrol Pump:Dakshina Kannada,Karnataka,India
Hotels/Lodge/Accommodation nearby Kudremukh National Park:
|Devigiri Homestay:Devigiri Estate, Arashinaguppe,Chikmagalur,Karnataka,India,ph:08262 329422
Hotel Hassan Ashok:P.O Box. 121, B. M. Road,Hassan,Karnataka,India,ph:08172 268731
Hotel Southern Star:Bm Highway,Hassan,Karnataka,India,ph:08172 251816
Things to carry:
Tips & Suggestions for Kudremukh National Park:
Help Line/Phone Number:
Venkateshwara nursing home:Hassan,Karnataka,India
Jyothi Hospital:Laila,Belthangady, Dakshina Kannada, Karnataka,India,ph:08256 233939
|Society/Community Phone Number|
Kudremukh National Park Nearest Attraction
|It is a big Hoysala temple, 12 km from Halebid. There are few visitors. King BIddiga converted to Hinduism under the influence of a philosopher and called himself Vishu Vardhana. At first he built this temple and defined Vishnu in it.....more|
|Sringeri is a monastic temple town started by Shankara, who promoted the Advaitha philosophy in the 9h century. The temple was built in the 14th century with the support of Vijayanagara .....more|
|Hebbe Falls are situated about 10 km away from the famous hill station Kemmangundi in Karnataka, India. This waterfalls are inside a coffee estate and can be reached either by walk or four-wheeler.....more|
|Kalhatti Falls start at the top of the Chandra Drona Hill, from a height of 45m to flow before the Veerabhadreshwara Temple dedicated to Lord Shiva. Situated 10km from Kemmangundi, Kalahatti is about 250 km form Bangalore.....more|
|Manikyadhara Falls is situated near Kemmangundi of Chikmagalur district. It is located on the Baba Budan Giri HIlls, which is a sacred place for both Muslims and Hindus. It is one of the main attractions of Baba Budan Giri or Dattapeeta.....more|
|Sirmane / Sirmane falls|
|Sirimane falls, a tributory of Tunga river which decends from the Western Ghats ranges near Sringeri in Chikmagalur District of Karnataka. Sirimane falls is one of the pretty waterfalls, located about five kilometres from Kigga, and is around 22 km away from Sringeri.....more|
|Bababudangiri shrine (also known as Dattatreya Peeta or Dattatreya Peetha) is a shrine located on Bababudangiri hill in the Chikmagalur District of the state of Karnataka in India.This peak is one of the highest in Karnataka.....more|
|Located in the Samse Taluk of Chikmagalur district, the Gangamoola hill is surrounded by thick forests. It is the origin of three mighty rivers, the Tunga, Bhadra and Nethravathi.The highlights of the region are a Goddess Bhagavathi shrine and a Varaha image, 1.8 metres high, within a cave, which become inaccessible during the monsoons....more|
|Horanadu the holy city of Chickmagalur district of Karnataka, is famous for the Annapoorneshwari Temple. Dedicated to Goddess Annapurneshwari, Goddess of Food and Grains.It is believed that one who visits the temple and takes the blessing of the Deity one shall never go hungry in their life.....more|
|55 kms north from Chickmagalur town on the Baba Budan range is the scenic hill station of Kemmannugundi called K.R hills, after the Wodeyar king Krishnaraja Wodeyar - IV who made it his favorite summer camp. Situated at a height of 1434 meters and surrounded by thick green forests. K.R Hills makes and ideal health resort.....more|
|The unspoilt Kundadri hill station in Karnataka situated in Teerthahalli taluk of Shimoga, still remains one of the favorite spots for tourists keen in mountain trekking. The mountains are unexplored and one can feel the excitement in discovering new pathways to the peak.....more|
|Horanadu the holy city of Chickmagalur district of Karnataka, is famous for the Annapoorneshwari Temple. Dedicated to Goddess Annapurneshwari, (Goddess of Food and Grains) this temple was built in 1973.It is believed that one who visits the temple and takes the blessing of the Deity one shall never go hungry in their life. ....more|
|Situated in southwest region of Karnataka, Chikmagalur is around 200 km from the capital city Bangalore.90 km west of Chikmagalur town is Sringeri situated on the banks of river Tungabhadra. Sringeri was discovered by Sri Sankaracharya as a place where even natural animosities did not exist, as he saw a frog in labour protected from the scorching rays of the sun by a raised hood of a cobra.....more|
|Bhadra Wildlife Sanctuary|
|38 kms from Chikmagalur, this sanctuary is must for wildlife enthusiasts. Gaur, chital, sambar, elephants and tigers are some of the wildlife found here. This place is truely mysterious, magical and mind-blowing. The secrets of the jungle unwind as you go deep into the seemingly silent forest.....more|
|Muthodi Wildlife Sanctuary|
|The Muthodi Forest Reserve is one of the four main parts of the Bhadra Wild life Sanctuary, the other three being Tanikecoil, Lakkavalli and Hebbe.38 kms from Chikmagalur, this sanctuary is must for wildlife enthusiasts. Gaur, chital, sambar, elephants and tigers are some of the wildlife found here.....more|
|The Bhadra River is a river in Karnataka state in southern India.The Bhadra originates in the Western Ghats range, and flows east across the Deccan Plateau, joined by its tributaries the Somavahini, Thadabehalla, and Odirayanahalla.....more|
|The Tunga River is a river in Karnataka state, southern India. The river is born in the Western Ghats on a hill known as Varaha Parvata at a place called Gangamoola. From here, the river flows through two districts in Karnataka - Chikmagalur District and Shimoga District.....more|
|Lakkavalli is a small town in Chikmagalur district, Karnataka state, southern India. Lakkavalli is the site of a dam across the Bhadra River; the dam is used for irrigation and power production.Lakkavalli is a small village situated at a distance of 22 km from Tarikere and 45 km from Shimoga.....more|
|Muthodi National Park|
|Sootanabbi / Hanuman Gundi Falls|