HAL Heritage Center and Aerospace Museum

Name: HAL Heritage Center and Aerospace Museum

Location: Airport-Varthur Road,

next to HAL police station on Marathahalli road
Bangalore 560 017

Main attraction: Aviation museum

HAL Heritage Center and Aerospace Museum, situated on the Airport Road at Bangalore, is the second largest public aviation museum in the country with ten aircraft and two mockups. The museum and heritage centre has been established on 10 acres of land and depicts the growth of aviation industry.
Established on AUGUST 30, 2001 was a milestone day in the annals of Hindustan Aeronautics Limited, India's aircraft manufacturer., it displays aircraft models, photographs, fighter planes, and helicopters. Most of the aircrafts are displayed outside the museum except HUL-26 Pushpak and the HAL Basant. The photo gallery of the museum contains pictures of Vengeance bombers under construction in the 40s, Dakotas being overhauled, Tempests, Devons, under overhaul in the 50s, Vampires, Gnats, and Maruts under construction in the 60s. An air control building is also available in the museum.

Models of GSLV and PSLV Satellite launch vehicles are also exhibited. The Museum also houses a small souvenir shop that sells mementos, postcards and posters. There are also aircraft simulators, air traffic control towers and an aero-modeling club.

In a country of one billion with an aviation history stretching way back into the second decade of the last century, the absence of aviation museums in good numbers is a huge surprise. Till recently the only two public museums on aviation were the Indian Air Force Museum at Palam and the Naval Aviation Museum at Dabolim, Goa. No other museum devoted exclusively to aviation or aerospace existed. There were a few museums around the country operated by the odd air force establishment but these were of restricted entry. The common public nor the international tourist could ever hope to visit these "private" museums without some kind of pull in the political or military circles. Even then, taking photographs was a "no-no".

Thus the opening of the Hindustan Aeronautics Limited's Heritage Center and Aerospace Museum in the garden city of Bangalore is a whiff of fresh air to the aviation enthusiast in India. The Museum was opened on August 31st, 2001 by the then Chairman of HAL, Dr. K D Nair. The museum with its collection of ten aircraft and two mockups can claim to be the second largest public aviation museum in the country, next only to the IAF Museum in palam with its 40+ aircraft. The Museum is located on the Airport road at Bangalore. Just besides the HAL's helicopter complex and hardly 2 km from the Bangalore airport. 

 Visitors at the Museum's lobby watching the glowboards explaining HAL's various exepertises. A Video of the LCA Test flight was playing in the Television during our visit.

The Museum houses a collection of aircraft, plus a gallery of rare photographs that chronicles the history of aircraft manufacturing and aviation industry in India since its inception. There is a staff of ten to look after the Museum's operations, including a security detail to keep the visitor off from touching the exhibits. The Museum houses a small souvenir shop that sells mementos , postcards and posters for reasonable rates.

The visitor has several galleries to choose from. Most of the aircraft are displayed outside the main building. The two exceptions are the HUL-26 Pushpak and the HAL Basant which are inside the Hall 2. Hall 1 is a circular building with seven galleries chronicling HAL through the years. Photographs of key visitors visiting the HAL premises over the years (including Lord Mountbatten, King Zahir Shah of Afghanistan, the late King birendra of Nepal) to important milestones like the first flight of the HT-2, the HF-24 Marut etc are on display here. Many of these pictures are rare and have never been seen before. Pictures of Vultee Vengeance bombers under construction in the 40s, Dakotas being overhauled, Tempests, Devons, under overhaul in the 50s, Vampires, Gnats, Maruts under construction in the 60s etc can be seen in the galleries. Each gallery has metal models of the aircraft from that decade on display. Several photo mosaics illustrating HAL's expertise in Trainer aircraft, Combat aircraft, Transport Aircraft are also seen.

One of the rare photographs in the HAL Hall 1 shows the handing over ceremony of the B-24 Liberator to the Royal Air Force Museum in 1975. Note the plaque mounted on the nose portion of the aircraft.  Pic Courtesy : HAL Museum via Dr. Shiv Shankar Sastry 
 Another one from the photo gallery shows the Vampire FB.52 Production line in Bangalore. The inset picture incorrectly shows a RAF T.55 trainer variant.

Hall 2 has a small hall where two aircraft, the HUL-26 Pushpak and the HA-31 Basant are on display. There are several models of aero engines on display including a radial engine from a Dakota. Several models of aircraft are also on display here. Hall 2 also hosts a couple of flight simulators running PC Flight sims to give the visitor a feel of what it is sitting in a cockpit. using overhead projectors, and Pentium PCs, the experience is novel enough for the Indian visitor, whereas visitors from abroad might view the crude attempt to recreate the experience of flight with mild amusement.

The most enjoyable experience in the hall 2 is the Air Traffic Control building. A charge of Rs 10 is levied from the visitor to go to level 3 where a dummy ATC has been built. The ATC gives a clear view of the Bangalore airport. With aircraft taking off every hour, the ATC is a good experience. Here again, the obssesiveness of Indian security agencies shows. Cameras are not allowed beyond Level two as taking photographs of the airport are considered "Detrimental to the security". The Museum staff are always at hand to explain how the ATC works and were helpful in explaining the dummy equipment and its roll in the ATC

Ofcourse the star attraction would be the Aircraft collection which is spread out in the open area outside the HAL Museum main building. The aircraft are displayed in individual display zones and are properly fenced off with chains. The impessive collection of aircraft includes the following:

Aircraft Type Serial No Remarks
BAe Canberra B(I) 58 BF-597 HAL Heritage Center
De Havilland Devon HW-201 HAL Heritage Center
HAL HF-24 Marut 1T D-1695 HAL Heritage Center
HAL HT-2  IX-480 HAL Heritage Center - Lycoming Version
HAL HJT-16 Kiran II  U-784 HAL Heritage Center - Mk II Prototype
MiG-21 U U-2974 HAL Heritage Center
HAL Cheetah Z-1897 HAL Heritage Center
HAL HA-31 Basant NA HAL Heritage Center
HAL HUL-26 Pushpak NA HAL Heritage Center
Westland Sea King Mk 42a IN-504 HAL Heritage Center
HAL LCA Mockup NA HAL Heritage Center
HAL ALH Mockup 'IN-701' HAL Heritage Center
NAL Hansa VT-XIM HAL Heritage Center

What the aircraft collection sorely lacks are examples of the De Havilland Vampire and the Folland Gnat. Both these aircraft were manufactured in good numbers with nearly 400 built of each type. Yet surprisingly no examples were found to be put up on display here. The HAL Corporate Office does boast one HAL Ajeet [E-1083] (Gnat Mk II) on display outside on a traffic island. But regretfully the Museum does not have an example of the aircraft in its collection.

The "Space" component of the Museum comes from the fact that it holds several scale models of the GSLV and PSLV Satellite launch vehicles. The Heatshield/Nose cone of the PSLV is on display too. HAL had been involved in fabricating several components for the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) which is responsible for India's Space Program.

The inside of the PSLV Nosecone, Heat shield. Click on the image to see the inset picture more in detail. The Nosecone is mounted on a concrete platform with pillars that enables the viewer to walk inside and see the inside of the nosecone. The description of the heat shield is given in the Information board.

The opening of the HAL museum is a step in the right direction. In a country where preservation of Aviation History is not on the priority list, this attempt to educate the common visitor by HAL is praiseworthy. In doing so, HAL has also underlined the point that Corporate involvement and sponsorship is very much necessary in such an effort.

Open on all days between 09:00 AM to 5:00 PM


Visitors Rs 20 per head
Camera Charges Rs 25 
Video Camera Charges Rs 45
For HAL Employees Rs 10 per head
ATC and Flight Simulator Rs 10

Children: Rs 10

HAL Heritage Centerand Aerospace Museum Photo Gallery

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Government Museum

Name : Government Museum

Location: Kasturba Road , Bangalore- 560001 

Main Attraction: Museum , Art Gallery

A beautiful 1877 structure with Corinthian columns. Being one of the oldest museums in the country, this museum boasts an exquisite collection of coins, sculptures, inscriptions, old paintings and excavated items. The Venkatappa Art Gallery adjacent to the Museum is named after Late K. Venkatappa, a noted artist. You will find a selection of his famous paintings, Plaster of Paris works and wooden sculptures. Also on view are works of various contemporary artists.

Bangalore is one of the most ancient museums of India. This popular museum was established in the year 1866 AD. This museum is regularly visited by tourists all across the globe.In the extremely popular State Government Museum, Bangalore the visitors will come across some rare and beautiful artistic works belonging to ancient times. Some of the ancient artifact found in this museum includes artistic works such as sculpture coins and inscriptions. These inscriptions were found in different parts of ancient Karnataka. The visitors can admire the paintings of the well renowned artist Venkatappa and some other eminent artists. Some of the artifacts include Watercolor paintings, and other works of art. In this State Government Museum, Bangalore there is a separate section displaying the works of Major Cheppudira Ponnappa Rajaram .His works mainly consists of wooden sculptures.

The other attraction of the State Government Museum, Bangalore is the Venkatappa Art Gallery. This art gallery lies close to o the Museum. The Venkatappa Art Gallery is named in honor of the popular artist Venkatappa. In the Venkatappa Art Gallery, Bangalore the visitors can view about 600 paintings by different renowned painters. On the ground floor of the museum you will come across beautiful paintings by the famous painter K. Venkatappa. The works of this famous painter are generally nature based. Some of his popular paintings include view of Nilgiri Mountains, Kodaikanal, Sunrise in Ooty, a painting on Monsoon and other paintings. Venkatappa Art Gallery, Bangalore also displays works of eminent artists like M. F. Hussain, N. S. Bendre, Vasudev, Hanumaiah, Hariram, Rekha Rao, and Yusuf Arakkal and other contemporary painters. On the first floor of the Venkatappa Art Gallery, Bangalore you can admire the works of C. P. Rajaram's and others.

The museum also houses terracotta works from West Bengal, sculpture from the Nolamba, Hoysala, Chola, Chalukya, Pala and Gandhara periods. Other than the traditional paintings and work of art, the Government Museum also possess contemporary and modern paintings and works of plaster of Paris.

Opening timings:
The State Government Museum, Bangalore remains open from 9am to 6pm on all days of a week for public viewing. The museum remains closed on Wednesday and on public holidays
State Government Museum, Bangalore is one of the oldest museums of India. If you once visit this museum you will love to visit this museum over and again.

Government Museum Photo Gallery

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Jawaharlal Nehru Planetarium

Name : Nehru Planetarium

Main attraction: 'The Sky Theatre Show”

Sri. T. Chowdaiah Road, High Grounds,
Bangalore-560001, Karnataka, India.

Phone :
+91 80 22266084, +91 80 22203234

Founded in the year 1989 Jawaharlal Nehru Planetarium is worth a visit during Bangalore Sightseeing Tours. Come explore the mysteries of outer space with a simple visit at Jawaharlal Nehru Planetarium in Bangalore. Get to know more about Jawaharlal Nehru Planetarium during Bangalore Sightseeing Tours.

The Planetarium is a visual delight for children and adults. The sound and light show - 'The Sky Theatre Show' is about the marvels of the universe, the planets and the solar system, is designed to be informative and entertaining. The theatre can seat up to two hundred and ten people. 

Jawaharlal Nehru Planetarium was founded with an aim to spread awareness amongst students and public about astronomy. With a sitting capacity of 225, the sky theatre inside Jawaharlal Nehru Planetarium with a dome of 15 meters in diameter is worth visiting during a visit. Don’t forget to watch any of the two shows held daily at none other than the Jawaharlal Nehru Planetarium Bangalore telling about the mysteries of the outer space. These two shows are held at 1500 hrs and 1630 hrs except for Mondays.

You can Come & quench your queries about the mysterious outer space by visiting Jawaharlal Nehru Planetarium during Bangalore Tours. Reaching Jawaharlal Nehru Planetarium is also not a problem as it is easily accessible from any corner of the city. Children would simply love visiting Jawaharlal Nehru Planetarium, so do make it a point to visit it with your kids. 

Exhibition Halls

Exhibits displaying the versatile personality of Albert Einstein" 

The Sky-theatre Programme is supported by a topical exhibition of posters. These have various details that could not be shown in the programme. The exhibitions have a high educational value to those who want to learn more about the topic. The exhibitions include Astro-photographs, Cartoons, Paintings and quotations.

Also on display are giant color pictures of Galaxies. Supernova remnants Nebulae etc. A set of paintings and sculptures are on permanent display.

A Weighing Scale shows one's weight on all the planets and also gives a print-out.
A Science kiosk donated by IBM, India is installed in the exhibition hall.

The exhibition area houses a stall where one can buy books, science kits, models, telescopes, astro-photos, etc.

Science Park

A Science Park is being developed around the Planetarium. This provides an opportunity to visitors to learn some elements of science in a natural and playful manner. It is creating a right scientific ambience around the activities of the Planetarium that houses the, Science Centre. Some of the models on display are model of D.N.A, Resonant Swings, Whispering Dishes, Sun Dial, Giant Kaleidoscope, Model of a Polar Satellite Launching Vehicle (PSLV).

Association of Bangalore Amateur Astronomers (ABAA) is an independent, nonprofit making body housed in the Jawaharlal Nehru Planetarium, Bangalore. Members of the association meet once a week on Sundays at 6:00 pm. Access to the books and workshop is open during this time. Members also have informal ideas exchange, night sky watching through telescopes and other activities.

Telescope building is one of the important activities of ABAA. Members of ABAA do night sky observation, astro-photography, etc. - from "Shivanahalli" 35.00 kms from Bangalore where they have a 12" telescope amongst others to do observations.


Know Your Stars

This activity takes place together with the Association of Bangalore Amateur Astronomers (ABAA) on first Sunday of every month. It begins with a lecture session in the sky-theatre where sky of that night is simulated. Stars, constellations and planets are identified. A star chart of that day is provided to all visitors and they are taught its use. The lecture is followed by a star, watching session using telescopes manned by amateur astronomers.

Viewing of special astronomical events

Arrangements are made for the public to view comets, solar eclipses and planetary transits etc. Portable telescopes are arranged in the open area and public watch events through these. During live coverage of such events happening elsewhere, video projectors are used to project the coverage on large screen for the public to see. 

The shows are - 11:30 am in Kannada and at 12:45 pm in English on all the working days.  In addition to these, there will be shows at 2.00pm, 2:45pm, 3:45pm and 4:30pm, the details of which have been given in the table below:


Special shows on booking the whole sky-theatre.  Administrator to be contacted for booking Kannada OR English.Shows can be chosen

 11:30am  Regular Sky-theatre show Kannada Solar System
12:45pm   Regular Sky-theatre show English Solar System
2:00pm  Full Dome Video Show Kannada Acharya Jagadish Chandra Bose
2:45pm     Regular sky-theatre show Kannada Celestial Fireworks
3:45pm   Full  Dome Video Show English Acharya Jagadish Chandra Bose
4:30pm   Regular Sky-theatre show English Celestial Fireworks
Entry fee for the above shows will be Rs.25/- per head (full charge for children above three years)

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Indira Gandhi Musical Fountain

Name : Indira Gandhi Musical Fountain

Location: T. Chowdaiah Road,Opposite Planetorium

Main  attraction: Musical fountain

The B N A Technology Consulting Ltd Created, Hong Kong, the Musical fountain of Bangalore was inaugurated in 1995 with work starting on it in 1997,is perhaps the most technically advanced and  the biggest fountains in India. Based on multimedia technology, industry standard MIDI interfaces and hardware architecture the Musical fountain in Bangalore has unimaginable features that enthrall the audience.
The programme-generated fountain uses unique binary control concept for obtaining three distinct levels for varied forms, a hydraulic system for producing the dancing movements and an advanced pumpimg system that can re-cycle the water. Moreover, the fountain uses everything modular be it the grid design, the hydraulic mechanism, the controller electronics or the grid design, making it highly adaptable for any further expansion, development and modification. Infact, with very little modification this Musical fountain, Bangalore can be turned into a more advanced portable fountain that could surpass many foreign designs.

Spread over 17 hectares of land, the park is maintained by the Department of Horticulture and includes a play area for children.At the entrance to the park is a railway engine placed in honour of the then Central Railway Minister, C K Jaffer Sharief, who presented the musical fountain.

The sound and light show together with the synchronized rhythmic dancing of the fountains is truly a visual delight, together symbolizing unity in diversity.Infact, with very little modification this Musical fountain, Bangalore can be turned into a more advanced portable fountain that could surpass many foreign designs.

With as many as 1000 nozzles, the fountain has 15 formations and 27 different combinations that’s a feast to the eyes.While the fountain dances to the musical notes, a wide screen at the backdrop shows the reflection of the multimedia show that is synchronized with the music for a wonderful visual experience. The beginning and concluding part of the show has patriotic songs like the 'Vandematharam' and 'Saare Jehan se Achcha' being aired while simultaneously screening the tourist spots of Karnataka and that of India These are interspersed with songs in Kannada like 'Sirigannadam Galge' and 'Jogada siri Belakinalli' together with some Hindi film songs, like Raj Kapoor's 'Awaara Hoon' and Amithabh Bachchan's 'Sona Sona', followed by thankful expressions to the Indian Railways for their generous donation. Saturdays and Sundays play a different tune altogether with Alisha Chinoy's 'Made in India'.

With a seating capacity of about 700 to 1000 people, an average of about 500 people visit on Saturdays and Sundays. Summer (April and May), sees the maximum number of visitors. The laser show, an additional feature, adds glamour to the musical fountain.

Adults - Rs10/-
Children between 6 and 12 - Rs5/-.

Parking facilities:
Bicycle - Rs1/-
Two wheelers - Rs2/-
Cars - Rs5/-
Matadors / Vans - Rs10/-
Mini Bus - Rs15/-
Bus - Rs25/-

Complete address:

Indira Gandhi Musical Fountain
T. Chowdaiah Road
Bangalore G.P.O.
Landmark: Opposite Planetorium
Phone: 080-22864125

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