Srirangapatna

Srirangapatna

About:

Srirangapatna also spelt as Srirangapattana, is city of historic, religious, and cultural hub situated in Mandhya district of Karnataka, just about 13kms from Mysore. A must see place on Bangalore- Mysore Highway. Here you will come across the entire town as an island enclosed by River Kaveri. This history-rich town was the capital of the Warrior-Kings Hyder Ali and his son Tipu Sultan - The Tiger of Mysore.

Fort : It is from here that Tippu charged at the British soldiers with his legendry sword. An obelisk in the Fort marks the place where he fell - betrayed by his own men. Within the Fort is a Mosque and the Sri Ranganathaswamy Temple.

Ranganathaswamy TempleRanganathaswamy Temple : The temples is one of the most important Vaishnavite shrines in South India. It is built by the Gangas in 9th century, later improved by the Hoysala and Vijayanagar kings. The temple is a tribute to Lord Ranganatha(Vishnu ) has been dedicated at three pilgrimages

Adi Ranga at Srirangapattana
Madhya Ranga at Shivanasamudra
Antya Ranga at Srirangam
The Paschima Vaahini section of the Kaveri at Srirangapattana is considered especially sacred; the pious come from far and wide to immerse the ashes of the departed and perform obsequies to their ancestors in these waters.

Location info:

Address:Mandhya district of Karnataka, just about 13kms from Mysore. Bangalore- Mysore Highway.
District:Mandhya district of Karnataka
Nearest City:13kms from Mysore
Best time to visit: Month of October when the annual Dussehra festival

Climate/Weather:

Karnataka might not be called as the best state in India, but it is certainly catching up. The credit definitely goes to the stimulating climate that induces people for a holiday tour to this state again and again. The tropical monsoon climate that covers the entire coastal belt of Karnataka, gives the state a moderate summer and pleasant winters. The Southern part of Karnataka experiences hot, seasonally dry tropical savanna climate. The north Karnataka experiences hot, semi-arid, tropical steppe type of climate.

The months of January and February are slightly cold while summers begin from March and continues till May. Post monsoon begins from October and remains till December. The best season to visit Karnataka is definitely the winter (between October to February) where the travelers can enjoy the most of Karnataka.

History:

Srirangapatna is an island town on the Bangalore-Mysore Highway and is encircled by the river Cauvery. The town obtained its name from a 1000 year old temple of Lord Sriranganatha. This history-rich town was the capital of Hyder Ali and his son Tipu Sultan - The Tiger of Mysore.

Tipu Sultan, the eldest son of Haider Ali, was born on December 10, 1750 at Devanhalli. On his father's death in 1782, Tipu Sultan assumed power in Mysore. He continued fighting the British and defeated them in 1783. Tipu Sultan was a far-sighted person who could foresee East India Company's design to get entrenched in India. He negotiated with the French for help and also sought assistance from the Amir of Afghanistan and the Sultan of Turkey. However, in the Third Anglo-Mysore war, he was defeated in his capital, Srirangapatna, and was forced to sign a humiliating treaty on March 22, 1792 as per which he had to concede half of his kingdom and pay an indemnity of 33 million rupees to the British. He died fighting during the storming of Srirangapatna on 4th May 1799 in the fourth Anglo-Mysore war

Interesting things to do:

visiting -Tipu sultan built many buildings that are now the main attractions of the city for tourists.

Interesting things to Visit:

The Ranganathaswamy Temple is decorated with more than one lakh lamps on Makara Sankranti festival. It is a part of Lakshadeepotsava, which is normally held on this festive day. A large number of devotees are attracted to the temple on this day. The devotees take a holy dip in the river Cauvery, which flows near the temple, and then light the lamps in the temple.

There are Col. Bailey's dungeons near the temple. These dungeons were used as prisons for the English prisoners, who were captured in the second Anglo-Mysore war by Tipu Sultan. It is also a worth visiting sight for having a date with history.

Mobile range info:


How to reach?

Nearest Railway Station:Srirangapatna.
Mysore Railway station is the closest railhead to Srirangapatna. It is connected to Bangalore and other cities of Karnataka by regular trains. There are trains from other states as well.
Nearest Airport:Mysore Airport.
Nearest airport is at Bangalore, which is at a distance of around 123 Km. Bangalore is among the most well connected cities in India with services from all airline operators in India. There is an international airport as well in Bangalore. There are buses that connect Srirangapatna to Bangalore. You can also hire a taxi from airport. It takes around 3 hrs to cover the distance. By 2009 end, Mysore airport will become operational. Mysore is only 13 Km from Srirangapatna.
Road Transport:Located 13 km from Mysore, 127kms towards South-West of Bangalore
Srirangapatna is well connected by road to all the major cities in Karnataka. State Highway 17 between Bangalore and Mysore passes through Srirangapatna making it easily accessible. There are regular transport buses that run between Bangalore, Mysore and Srirangapatna.

Nearest Visiting places:

Daria Daulat Bagh :Built in 1784, this Summer Palace was one of Tipu's favourite retreats. It stands on a raised platform at a height of 1.5 metres. The Bagh is situated on the banks of Cauvery river has treasured the paintings, engraving, arms that depict the Valant victories and Struggles of Tipu Sultan. The structure made of teak, this Indo-Saracenic structure has ornate and beautiful frescoes. The corridors showcase murals which describe Tipu’s ordeals in the battlefield against the British.

Paintings : Records reveal that the palace is built by Moghul Governor Dilavar Khan, inspired Tipu to built this palace. The painting “ The storming of Seringapattam” has been painted by Sir Robert Ker Porter in 1800 depicts the capture of capital on May 4th , 1799. It shows English officers, including General Baird, Sergeant Graham and Colonel Dunlop. Some of the paintings show the walls of Tipu’s fort , minarets of the mosque and gopuram of the Ranganatha Swamy temple in the background.

It is sad to see the detoriation of this precious pieces of art, due to shoddy maintainance, utter neglect. The paintings emphasize the glorious victory achieved by Haidar and Tippu over the English contingent led by Col. Bailee in the battle at Pollilur near Kanchipuram in 1780. Both Government and tourists need to share responsibility in restoring the monuments.

Museum showcases painting with Tipu wearing a turban, a striped shirt, a necklace and a belt adornedwith precious stones with a sword attached. In 1792, G F Cherry painted the portrait. One more portrait was made by Jony Zoffany in 1780. There are pencil sketches of the Tipus sons, minister of the Nizam, his son, Krishna Raja Wodeyar III his maternal uncle, Nandi Raja all drawn by Thomas Hickey, an English artist between 1799 and 1801. The museum boast of collection of coins of various denominations of those times and medals made of bronze, silver and copper issued by the English to commemorate their victory over Tipu.

Timings of Museum : 9 A.M. to 5 P.M. Admission fees : Rs.2/- per head and free on Fridays.

Masjid-E-Ala or JamiaMasjidMasjid-E-Ala or Jamia Masjid :The mosque situated near the Bangalore Gate of the fort buit by Tippu Sultan It is said that he performed the first imamath himself. standing on a high basement with an open court in the open court in the front and a covered verandah with a spacious prayer hall with the “Mihrab” on the west. There is an inscription mentioning the ninety-nine names of Allah and another records the date of its construction by Tippu in 1787 A.D.

There are 2 minarets that are double storied and octagonal in shape with pigeonholes surmounted by domes that adds to the grandeur of the entire structure. There are 200 steps leading to the top of the minarets from where one can get a picturesque view of the Masjid.

GumbazGumbaz :Mausoleum of Tippu Sultan, and his father Hyder Ali and mother Fathima Begam. This was built by Tippu Sultan between 1782-84, the Gumbaz, an imposing structure in the midst of the Lalbagh garden, stands on a high and wide platform with an open verandah of polished pillars all round.

The importance of Gumbaz lies in its well-shaped large dome, ivory inlaid doors, carved stone windows of fine workmanship and inscriptions. Tipu's favourite Tiger stripes cover the walls.Inside are the tombs of Haidar in the center, his wife and his son Tippu on either side. In the verandah and on the platform are the other tombs of Haidar’s family members.

Colonel Bailey’s DungeonColonel Bailey’s Dungeon :Named after Colonel Bailey who died here in 1780 A.D., this dungeon was used to imprison Captain Baird, Colonel Brithwite, Captain Rulay, Frazer, Samson and Lindsay by Tipu Sultan. The dungeon measures 30.5 metres width 12.2 metres height and is built of brick and mortar.

Prisoners were chained to stone slabs fixed on its walls. During the seige of Srirangapatnam, one of the cannons rolled back, pierced the ceiling and fell into the dungeon. One can see them still lying there .

Place of Martyrdom :The place where Tippu Sultan’s body was found.

Nearest Petrol Pump:

SR patna

Hotels/Lodge/Accommodation:

Srirangapatna is not a very big town, so not many staying options are available here. The few that are there, are not excessively luxurious, though they are clean, hygienic and provide all the basic facilities. Good hotels in Srirangapatna are Young Island resort and Fort View Resort Pvt. Ltd. and Amblee Holiday Resort, Srirangapatna

Ambelee Hotel Resort Tel : +91-8236-52326
Hotel Mayura River View Srirangapatna Mandya

Things to carry:


Tips & Suggestions:

Srirangapatna is quite close to Mysore and has also served as its capital under Tipu Sultan. So, many of the attractions that one finds in Srirangapatna, are related to him. There is a palace of Tipu Sultan, a fort built by him and his mausoleum, inside the city.

The best time to visit Mysore Palace is during the months of October when the annual Dussehra festival when the religious fervency encapsulates every brick of the mansion. During this festival, the royal throne of the Woodeyar kings is also displayed. To celebrate this festival the Palace of Mysore is illuminated with more than 10,000 lights during that month. Leading maestros perform musical performances in the ground of the palace.

Help Line/Phone Number:

Police Station:
Nearest Hospital:
Society/Community Phone Number

Links:

http://www.karnatakavision.com/kukke-subrahmanya-temple.php
http://www.shubhyatra.com/karnataka/somnathpura-temple.html
http://www.indialine.com/travel/karnataka
http://www.indfy.com/karnataka-india/mysore-attractions/ranganathaswamy-temple.html