|Lalbagh Botanical Garden|
Name: Lal Bagh
Location: Main attraction: Based on the design of the Mughal Gardens
The Garden City, Bangalore offers wonderful sightseeing options to tourists and the Lal Bagh Gardens is one such spot that should not be missed during your Bangalore travel.
Hyder Ali commissioned the building of this garden in 1760 but his son, Tipu Sultan, completed it. Lalbagh is a 240 acre (971,000 sq.m. - almost 1 km².) garden and is located on the southern part of Bangalore. It holds a number of flower shows, especially on the Republic Day (26th January). The garden has over 1,000 species of flora. The Glass House, modeled on London's Crystal Palace (now re-modelled with a different layout), is the center of attraction. Hyder Ali laid out these famous botanical gardens and his son added horticultural wealth to them by importing trees and plants from several countries. The Lalbagh Gardens were commissioned by the 18th century and over the years it acquired India's first lawn-clock and the subcontinent's largest collection of rare plants. The garden also has trees that are over 100 years old.
Basis for modeling of Lal Bagh Gardens
The artistic landscape is a good delight for the eyes and that makes this Botanical Garden in Bangalore a wonderful place for admiring nature,s beauty. The decorations of Lalbagh Botanical Garden also include lush green lawns, lotus pools and fountains.
The Lalbagh Botanical Garden is one of the most beautiful gardens in India.
Biannual flower shows are organized every year in January and August on the occasion of the Republic Day and Independence Day celebrations respectively. Training in Horticulture, Post Harvest Technology and Mushroom cultivation, Classes in Ikebana and Bonsai are also conducted.
All major buildings and important locations in the garden are accessible through well laid out roads and pathways.
The botanical garden is enriched with numerous native and exotic flora of wide ranging diversity, use and interest. This has been achieved by way of introduction; acclimatization and multiplication of plants obtained from various parts of the world since its inception in 1760. Today, nearly 673 genera and 1,854 species of plants are found in Lalbagh. The collection of the plants has made it a veritable treasure house of plants.
Some of the exotic species introduced from different parts of the world include Agathis sp., Amherstia nobilis, Araucaria sp., Averrhoa bilimbi, Bambusa sp., Bixa orellana, Brownea grandiceps, Castanospermum australe, Cola acuminata, Corypha umbraculifera, Couroupita guianensis, Cupressus sp., Eriobotrya japonica, Magnolia sp., Swietenia mahagoni etc. Indigeneous species such as Artocarpus heterophyllus, Bombax ceiba, Butea monosperma, Cassia fistula , Dillenia indica, Ficus sp., Lagerstromia speciosa, Michelia champaca, Mesua ferrea etc., can be seen. In addition, a number of ornamental and economic plant species both of exotic and indigenous origin can be found in Lalbagh.
Scheduled courses on Horticulture, Post Harvest Technology and Mushroom cultivation are offered to the public by the Department of Horticulture at Lalbagh. Besides these a 10 month Horticulture training programme is organized every year for the rural youth. The Mysore Horticultural Society too organizes courses on Ikebana and Bonsai. All programmes are publicized well in advance in newspapers/respective offices.
Lalbagh is an important centre of dissemination of knowledge of plants having ornamental, environmental and economic value. Regular training courses on fruit and vegetable processing, mushroom cultivation and ornamental gardening and horticulture are offered to the public by the Department of Horticulture. The Dr. M.H. Marigowda National Horticulture Library is a reference library with a good collection of books on horticulture and allied subjects.
The structure was completely renovated and inaugurated by SM Krishna on Jan 15, 2004. Renovation details:
Cost Rs 5 crore
For Independence day in 2008 the theme was Hampi, once the glory of Vijayanagar Empire. This year visitors will get to experience the Heritage of Hampi at the Garden City through the blossoms. The world famous stone chariot resurrected in flowers will showcase the history of Hampi and landscapes are made showing the Tungabhadra river.Our musical instruments in the form of Veena, tabla and violin etc are arranged in more than 500 species of flowers. Flowers are the most important part of puja/worship depicts the traditional “Kalasha” and an Ugra Narasimha Statue. Our horticulturists from the Lalbagh HOPCOMS have made a Rainbow using the vibrant colours. Hundreds of orchids, zinnia, nastardium, crysantamums, daisies, marigold, cacti, fuchsia, jasmine, geranium single roses, dahlias, etc species of flowers are to be viewed. Not to mention the floating vegetable gardens are recreated at the Lalbagh Lake, resembling the Dal Lake, Kashmir.
Lalbagh has 4 gates. East gate towards Double Road is open for visitors with vehicles. Northern gate is facing towards Subbaiah circle, the West gate is facing Basavanagudi, and South gate is towards Jayanagar.